Hi my friends,
After a long hiatus I am back to bring to you the dogs of the Terrier group. I would like to tell you all about their history, temperament, and appearance. Enjoy!
THE TERRIER GROUP
History: The Airdale Terrier comes from the Valley of the Aire in England and was used as a guard dog and messenger dog during wartime and now is often used on farms to hunt rodents.
Appearance: Airdales have a short but strong and muscular body with a deep chest. They can weigh between 45 and 65 pounds. Their head is well balanced with a long and flat muzzle. The eyes are small and dark and the ears are small, v-shaped, and folded towards the front. Their long and straight legs are strong and muscular. The tail is of fair length, set high, and carried straight up. Airdales have a hard, dense, and wiry top coat with a soft under coat.
Colors: The sides and the upper part of the body are black and the rest is tan.
American Staffordshire Terrier
History: They are a crossbreed between a Bulldog and a Game Terrier and were first bred during the 19th century in England. They were used for bull baiting.
Color: They come in any color and can have any variety of markings.
History: As the name states, they were first bred in 1868 in Australia and assisted their owners with the control of rodents and snakes in the outback. Now they are mostly used as guard and herding dogs.
Appearance: They weigh between 9 and 14 pounds and have a small but sturdy body. Their chest is deep with a distinguished keel. Their head is long and strong with a muzzle that is equal in length to the skull. The eyes are small, oval, and dark. The small ears are erect and pointed. Their medium size legs are straight and round and the high-set tail is docked. Their medium length coat is harsh and straight with a short and soft under coat. They have a topknot which consists of long hair on top of their head.
Colors: They come in blue and tan or sandy and red.
History: The Bedlington Terrier comes from the Bedlington Mining Shire in England and was first bred in the 1800s. The coal miners used them as race dogs because of their great speed and endurance.
Color: They come in blue, sandy, liver, tan, or bi-colored of any combination of these colors.
History: The Border Terrier is one of the oldest terriers and comes from the border country between England and Scotland. They were first bred in the 1800s and were used to protect livestock and hunt vermin.
Color: They come in red, wheaten, blue and tan, and grizzle and tan.
History: The Bull Terrier was first bred in 1860 by the English dog breeder James Hinks and was used as a sporting dog. At first they were all white but later had some other color variations due to cross breeding. Now they are a pure bred again and all white with a small mark on the head.
Appearance: The Bull Terrier weighs between 50 and 70 pounds and has a strong and muscular build with a broad chest. The head is strong, long, and oval-shaped with a flat and long muzzle. Their small and dark eyes are well sunken into the head and their small, thin ears are close together and erect. The legs are big boned, straight, and of moderate length and the tail is short, fine, and tapering. Their short coat is flat and harsh.
Colors: They are white or white with a small mark on the head only.
History: They were first bred in the early 1900s in the Highlands of Scotland and often used to hunt foxes and badgers. They were trained to track the rock dens of the game and bark until the farmer came and killed the game.
Colors: They can come in any color except of white.
Dandie Dinmont Terrier
History: They were first bred in the 1700s by gypsies to catch otters and badgers. They became famous with the story “Guy Mannering” written by Sir Walter Scott in 1844. The main character in the story was named Dandie Dinmont.
Appearance: The Dandie Dinmont weighs between 18 and 24 pounds and is slightly longer than tall. Their body is strong and flexible with a well developed chest. The head is large and strong with a strong and deep muzzle. Their large eyes are round and dark hazel and their pointy ears hang low and wide apart. They have short but muscular legs with the hind legs being slightly longer than the front legs. The tail is approximately 8 to 10 inches long, thick at the base, and tapered. They have a hard top coat and a soft under coat with feathering on legs, ears, chest, cheeks, sides, and tail. A distinguishing feature is the soft and silky topknot.
Colors: They come in pepper or mustard colors.
Glen of Imaal Terrier
History: They were first bred about 100 years ago in the lowlands of the County Wicklow and were used to hunt badger and fox. They were also used as turnspit dogs. This means they were tied to a large wheel over a hearth that they had to turn by walking in circles. Kind of like a canine propelled rotisserie.
Colors: They come in wheaten, blue, and brindle colors.
History: The Irish Terrier is the oldest terrier breed and was used during WWI as a messenger dog.
Colors: They come in bright red, golden red, red wheaten, or wheaten.
Kerry Blue Terrier
History: They come from the county Kerry in Ireland and were used for hunting small game, herding sheep and cattle, and retrieving game from water.
Appearance: They weigh between 33 and 40 pounds and have a short but strong body with a deep chest. Their head is long and well proportionate with a long and strong muzzle. The eyes are small and dark and the small ears are V-shaped and folded forward. They have long legs that are strong and muscular and a moderately long tail that is straight and erect. Their soft and dense coat is wavy and of moderate length. They also have a long beard, long eyebrows, and the hair on top of the muzzle is kept long as well.
Colors: They come in solid blue gray.
History: They were first bred in the early 1800s in England and were used for hunting and keeping foxes away from sheep herds.
Colors: They come in solid blue, black, liver, red, or wheaten as well as in wheaten with saddle markings in blue, black, liver, or grizzle.
History: The Manchester Terrier comes from England and was used to hunt rats.
Colors: They are jet black with rich tan markings.
Miniature Bull Terrier
History: They are a cross breed between a Bulldog and an English Terrier and gained popularity in the 19th century. They are well known because of Spuds McKenzie and Target adds.
Colors: They come in white , white with markings on the nose, and any other color with markings on the nose.
History: They derived from the Standard Schnauzer and were first bred in 1899 in Germany. They were used as farm dogs to hunt vermin.
Colors: They come in salt and pepper, black and silver, and solid black.
History: They derived from the Norwich Terrier and were first bred in 1979 in England. Often used for hunting vermin, they are the smallest of the Working Terriers.
Appearance: They weigh between 11 and 12 pounds and have a compact body with good substance and bones and a moderately deep chest. The head is wide and slightly rounded with a strong wedge-shaped muzzle. The small eyes are oval and dark and the small ears are V-shaped and dropped. Their short legs are strong and powerful and the tail is docked at medium length. They have a hard, wiry, but straight top coat and a dense under coat with a ruff around the neck.
Colors: They come in red, wheaten, black, tan, or grizzle.
History: They come from England and were used as barnyard ratters. They are basically the same kind of terrier as the Norfolk Terrier but with erect instead of dropped ears.
Colors: The come in red, wheaten, black, tan, or grizzle.
Parson Russell Terrier
History: They were first bred in the mid 1800s in England and were used to hunt red fox. They were named after the Rev. John Russell and commonly known as Jack Russell Terriers until recently their name was changed to Parson Russell Terrier.
Appearance: They weigh between 13 and 17 pounds and have a square and muscular body with a flexible chest. Their head is strong and well proportionate with a strong rectangular muzzle. The eyes are almond-shaped and dark and the small ears are V-shaped and dropping. Their long legs are strong, good boned and muscular. The tail is set low and has the appearance of a squirrel tail. Their smooth and broken top coat has a good sheen to it. They also have a soft under coat.
Colors: They come in white, white with black markings, white with tan markings, and white with tri-color markings.
History: King James the VI adored them and used them to hunt and dig for vermin. They came to the US in 1890.
Appearance: They weigh between 18 and 22 pounds and have a short but muscular body with a broad and deep chest. The head is long and of medium size with a muzzle equally in length to the skull and slightly tapered. The small eyes are almond-shaped and dark brown and the small ears are naturally erect. They have straight, heavy-boned legs and a tail that is thick at the base and tapering. The top coat is hard and wiry with a soft and dense under coat. There is feathering on the lower body, legs, beard, and eyebrows.
Color: They come in black, wheaten, or brindle.
History: They come from Wales and were used to hunt badgers, fox, and otters.
History: This is the oldest terrier breed and comes from the Isle of Skye where they were used to destroy vermin. The reason why they were such good hunters is that their long hair protects them from injuries during the hunt.
Colors: They come in black, blue, grey, silver, fawn, or cream and have no markings.
Smooth Fox Terrier
History: Farmers during the 17th century used them in the British Isles to dig out fox and other vermin.
Appearance: They weigh between 16 and 18 pounds and have a square and muscular body with a deep and broad chest. The head is flat and narrow with a muscular and gradually tapering muzzle. The small eyes are deep-set and dark and the small ears are V-shaped and dropping forward. They have long and muscular legs and a tail that is docked at ¾ of length and carried high. The coat is smooth, flat, hard, and dense.
Colors: They are predominately white with black or brown markings.
Soft Coated Wheaton Terrier
History: They were first bred 200 years ago in Ireland and lived on farms where they herded sheep and hunted down vermin.
Appearance: They weigh between 30 and 40 pounds and have a medium size, square but muscular body with a deep chest. The head is moderately long and rectangular with a strong and powerful muzzle. The eyes are reddish brown, of medium size, and almond-shaped. The ears are small and drop forward. They have straight and well-boned legs and a high-set tail that can be either docked or natural. The soft coat is silky and wavy. There is no under coat.
Colors: They come in wheaten only.
Staffordshire Bull Terrier
History: In the 19th century, English coal miners from the county of Staffordshire bred a bulldog with a terrier to have a small, strong, and fast dog to work in the coal mines with them. Now they are known as pitbulls and bad people use them for dog fights.
Colors: They come in solid red, fawn, white, black, blue, brindle, or any combination of these colors.
History: This is an old English terrier from Wales that was used to hunt badgers, fox, and otter. A fellow by the name of Prescott Lawrence brought the first Welsh terrier to the USA in 1888.
Temperament: They are friendly, intelligent, and they love their family, kids, and other dogs. They can be a little difficult to house break and they love to chase. Welsh terriers need lots of exercise and lots of grooming.
Colors: The come in black with tan markings on the legs, face, and underside.
West Highland White Terrier
History: They come from Scotland and were used for hunting small vermin. In 1906 the breed came to the USA.
Colors: They only come in white.
Wire Fox Terrier
History: They came from the British Isles in the 17th century and were used to chase fox and other small game out of dens.
Appearance: They weigh around 18 pounds and have a square and muscular body with a deep, narrow chest. The head is narrow and flat with a long, flat muzzle. The small, round eyes are deep-set and dark and the small, V-shaped ears fold forward. Their long legs are muscular and strong and their tail is set high, of good substance, and docked at ¾ of length. They have a dense and wiry top coat with a fine, soft under coat and feathering on the legs only. However, like most of the terriers, they have long eyebrows and a beard.
Colors: They come in white with black and tan markings.
And this, my friends, concludes the terrier group. Stay tuned for the next blog on the toy group. Hopefully you don’t have to wait as long as you had to for this one.
Love and Peace,